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Sudden Cardiac Arrest – Who is at Risk?

Sudden Cardiac Death happens in people who are active and outwardly health with no known heart diseases or other health problems. But in the 30 percent of cases, it is the first symptom of heart disease. Some of the contributing factors are:  History of heart attack: 75% of the SCA deaths have shown earlier signs...

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Cocaine and Myocardial Infarction

Approximately 2 decades ago, or more, some laboratory animals were experimented for the effect of atrial and ventricular arrhythmias, myocardial ischemia with coronary vasoconstriction, and direct depression in myocyte function. In 1980, some cases were reported with high grade ventricular arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, and sudden deaths because of cocaine use. It has been observed that...

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Does Race Matter for Heart Diseases?

The term ‘Race’ was once commonly used in physical anthropology to denote a division of humankind possessing traits that are transmissible by descent and also to characterize a distinct human type like Caucasoid, Mongoloid and Negroid. Causes of mortality and how to control the same and whether race matters in mortality were subjects of research...

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Long QT Syndrome (LQTS): Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a rare inborn heart disorder. LQTS causes a sudden uncontrollable heart rhythm called the arrhythmia which is very dangerous. Arrhythmias are a result of strenuous and stressful work. However, these irregular heart rhythms can also develop without reason.  The name long QT syndrome is after the abnormal pattern that is...

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What Is Infective Endocarditis?

Infective Endocarditis is an inflammation of the inner lining of the chambers of the heart and the valves due to an infection. The inner lining is also called Endocardium and the condition is also known by the name Infective Endocarditis. The chief etiology of Endocarditis is when bacteria, fungi or other micro organisms invade the...

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Myxoma (Heart Tumour)

A Myxoma is an irregularly shaped jelly-like non-cancerous primary tumour. It is a rare heart disease that is usually found in the left atrium of the heart. It is sometimes  referred to as an Atrial Myxoma. A Myxoma is often said to grow in the left atrium from a stalk and then it tends to swing...

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Cardiac Transplantation

Cardiac transplantation is the most widely accepted therapy for congestive heart failure at its final stage. It is mainly performed on patients who do not respond to medical therapy. Most of the patients who are recommended to go in for a heart transplant have complaints of either ischemic cardiomyopathy or dilated cardiomyopathy. In some cases...

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Heart Defects in Children

Heart diseases like in elder people are common in children. In about a 1,000 children born, 8 of them are diagnosed with a heart defect. The branch of cardiology that deals with heart diseases in children is the Paediatric Cardiology. There are specific symptoms for the suspicion of cardiovascular abnormalities but the most specific symptom...

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What is Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS)?

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome(HLHS) describes a spectrum of cardiac abnormalities characterized by marked underdevelopment of the left ventricle – the lower compartment of heart, and ascending aorta– the great vessel receiving blood from the left ventricle. It’s a rare congenital heart defect. Incidence of HLHS is less than 0.5 per 1000 live births and is...