Category: Heart Diseases

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DiGeorge Syndrome

Many a time we see people with facial features that seem to be deformed. Have we ever thought what must be the reason for these deformations? Is it a genetic disorder? Well the answer is simple these individuals may be suffering from a genetic disorder known as DiGeorge Syndrome. Thymus gland that is positioned at...

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What is Congenital Heart Disease (CHD)?

Congenital Heart Diseases (CHD) are defined as the structural, functional or positional abnormality of the heart, in isolation or in combination present from birth, but may manifest any time after birth or may not manifest at all. Some of these may be discovered later. These are primarily seen in newborn, and children; although in our...

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Salt Intake and Hypertension

Research indicates that the present sodium intake is the prime cause for the high incidence of hypertension among today’s population. Recommendations for low salt intake per day have largely gone unheeded. Hypertension has become the bane of contemporary life. It has been found that the salt sodium in tandem with chloride is an important factor in...

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Brugada Syndrome:Symptoms,Diagnosis and Treatment

Brugada Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by heart rhythm abnormalities. Brugada syndrome if untreated can result in sudden death. The condition may be inherited in some cases.  It is often characterized by sudden death and the ECG pattern is characterized by incomplete right bundle branch block and ST elevations in the anterior precordial...

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What Is Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia?

Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia is a type of cardiomyopathy, a disease that affects the heart muscle, the myocardium, causing abnormal heart rhythms or arrhythmia. It is a condition that sets in when the right ventricle of the heart is affected, causing the muscle to be replaced by fat and fibrosis. This leads to arrhythmia. The...

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Renal Artery Stenosis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is the condition where one or both the arteries starts narrowing thereby depriving the kidneys from blood supply. This is often caused by atherosclerosis.  The image below gives a clear description of RAS. ​ Causes Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is caused by the hardening of the renal arteries. A material called plaque...

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Link Between Heart Disease and Depression

Many of us are unaware of the fact that there is a big relationship between heart disease and depression. Yes, studies reveal that depression increases the chances of one developing cardiovascular diseases. But cardiovascular patients with depression are at a higher risk. It is indeed very common to feel low and disheartened after a cardiac...

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Raynaud’s Phenomenon: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications

Raynaud’s phenomenon is a medical condition which causes discoloration of the fingers, toes, and occasionly in other areas and it is brought about by the extreme vasoconstriction of the peripheral blood vessels,causing tissue hypoxia.This phenomenon is named after the french physician Maurice Raynaud.The picture given below gives a general picture of the disorder. The condition...

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Conn’s Syndrome

Conn syndrome is the overproduction of the hormone aldosterone by a tumor that contains tissue resembling that normally present in the overproduction(cortex) of the adrenal gland.

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What Is Hypoplastic Right Heart Syndrome And How Much Is Its Life Expectancy?

The Hypoplastic right heart syndrome (HRHS) is rare congenital disorder. Hypoplasia means underdevelopment of an organ. Thus Hypoplastic right heart syndrome is underdevelopment or incomplete development of the right side of the heart. The structures of the right side of the heart, which includes the right atrium, right ventricles, pulmonary valve, and pulmonary artery, are...