Today heart transplantation is not as uncommon as it was in the past. Besides, with development in science the success rates are even higher, as so is the post-op survival and life expectancy. Today one can estimate a survival over twenty years post a paediatric heart transplantation surgery. Besides, more than 70% of the cases have survived beyond a minimum of five years.
Cardiac transplantation is the most widely accepted therapy for congestive heart failure at its final stage. It is mainly performed on patients who do not respond to medical therapy. Most of the patients who are recommended to go in for a heart transplant have complaints of either ischemic cardiomyopathy or dilated cardiomyopathy.